Articles and Book Chapters. The rapid development of urbanized states across Upper Mesopotamia in the third millennium B.
In the Harran Plain of southeastern Turkey, a large inland area with optimal dry farming conditions, the cities of Kazane and Harran developed characteristic primate settlement patterns. I argue that these states arose as peer-polities that shared the resources of the plain even as they likely competed for political and economic influence. I show this process through analysis of settlement patterns in the Harran Plain from the Neolithic to the Islamic Period.
Making Ancient Cities: Space and Place in Early Urban Societies
Calculation of the agricultural sustaining needs of these polities reveals a multi-tiered supply structure indicative of agricultural intensification. This work is significant because it evaluates the quality of Harran Plain survey data, and expands and situates this data in the context of Upper Mesopotamian urban settlement systems and state formation. For the Early Bronze Age, the results are consistent with models of state-based food supply in dry-farming environments, but raise the question of how as-yet undocumented irrigation or herding may have altered the size of sustaining zones.
Doi: Making ancient cities: new perspectives on the production of urban places more. Publication Name: Andrew T. Fisher eds. Cambridge University Press. This chapter analyzes the production and construction of space in third-millennium cities of Upper Mesopotamia. I argue that space is constructed at multiple levels, including city or state government, institutions, developers, and I argue that space is constructed at multiple levels, including city or state government, institutions, developers, and households.
Past planning episodes structure future life in the city, but are also modified to meet the needs of later residents. Within this process, I identify several characteristics of Mesopotamian city space, including a high level of nucleation, multiple centers within the city, defensible spaces such as culs-de-sac, conservative use of space, and linkage of key features into a system of armature.
These features demonstrate how the social needs of residents are expressed in the fabric of the city. In these features, we see urban planning that is not strictly top-down or bottom-up, nor solely planned or organic.
Whitcomb, M. Jennings, A. Creekmore, and I. Near Eastern Archaeology 79 2 Reviews recent research at Khirbet al-Mafjar, a. Hisham's Palace, including architectural exploration, geophysics, excavations, and regional landscape study.
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Describe the connection issue. SearchWorks Catalog Stanford Libraries. Making ancient cities : space and place in early urban societies. Responsibility edited by Andrew T. Fisher The University of British Columbia. Online Available online.
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Wide Urban World
More options. Find it at other libraries via WorldCat Limited preview. Contributor Creekmore, Andrew, editor. This volume investigates how the structure and use of space developed and changed in cities, and examines the role of different societal groups in shaping urbanism. Culturally and chronologically diverse case studies provide a basis to examine recent theoretical and methodological shifts in the archaeology of ancient cities.
The book's primary goal is to examine how ancient cities were made by the people who lived in them. The authors argue that there is a mutually constituting relationship between urban form and the actions and interactions of a plurality of individuals, groups, and institutions, each with their own motivations and identities.
Space is therefore socially produced as these agents operate in multiple spheres. The Production of Space and Identity.
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